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Centre for Digital Built Britain completed its five-year mission and closed its doors at the end of September 2022

This website remains as a legacy of the achievements of our five-year foundational journey towards a digital built Britain

This project addresses the question of how European cities are adapting to BIM, and what awareness there is of BIM in future city thinking and strategies, particularly around Smart Cities. It also looks at what tools and policies are being used to take forward BIM in city development and thinking. In addition it, considers what the drivers of BIM are, and what issues are being addressed through BIM, as well as what the barriers are to BIM in future city thinking, and what the experiences of BIM are and what research, evaluation and policy exists.


The findings revealed that cities play a much smaller role in BIM adoption than expected given the push for smart city development. In coherence with the CDBB Mini-project on Urban Planning and BIM, we instead found that contemporary BIM strategies are largely driven by national governments: local planners and stakeholders are not yet aware of BIM and far from having a vision of a BIM supported city development. Despite a general awareness of BIM in cities with dedicated smart city strategies, as a rule, cities have no BIM strategies, representatives or in most of the cases awareness for the potential use of BIM for their city development.


Literature review

Case studies

Next steps

Specific guidance about the use of BIM, tailored to local planners and stakeholders, may increase awareness, as would BIM-specific training for planners.

Project Status

This project was completed in 2018


Final Report - May 2018